Protecting Species or Hindering Energy Development? How the Endangered Species Act Impacts Energy Projects on Western Public Lands

Since it was enacted in 1973, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has been one of the most celebrated environmental laws, but also one of the most reviled . Though passed by the U .S . Congress with strong bipartisan support, the ESA has faced growing opposition by industry and developers frustrated by its ability to slow projects down, and by environmentalists discouraged by its failure to reverse the decline of many of the nation’s most imperiled plants and animals.